The Workweek: A Round-Up of Labor Market Links for the Week Ending 11/11/16

This week’s labor market news on the future of the cashier, automotive manufacturing and rent-seeking behavior.

Welcome back to The Workweek, the Indeed Hiring Lab’s round-up of the latest research, news, and perspectives that made us think deeply or differently about the labor market this week. It’s your guide to the most important new insights about work.

Here are our picks for this week:

Where Trump Did Best

Indeed’s Chief Economist Jed Kolko takes a close look at the election’s results and finds that Trump beat Clinton in counties where more jobs are at risk because of technology or globalization. Specifically, counties with the most “routine” jobs — those in manufacturing, sales, clerical work and related occupations that are easier to automate or send offshore — were far more likely to vote for Trump. (FiveThirtyEight)

Economic Challenges Ahead

What are the most daunting economic and labor market challenges that the new administration will have to face in the next four years? FiveThirthyEight highlights the biggest five: jobs and wages, slow productivity growth, declining dynamism, low economic mobility and mistrust of government. (FiveThirtyEight)  

Immigrants and STEM

Debates about immigration played a large role in both the US election and the Brexit referendum earlier in the year. Now a new paper from the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) provides some hard evidence on the topic. The researchers report that not only do immigrants in the United States hold a disproportionate share of jobs in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) occupations, but that they also earn more than native-born workers in the same occupations and are more likely to obtain a patent. (NBER)

Jobless Refugees

While some people may worry that immigrants will take their jobs, a more serious problem when it comes to refugees in particular may be their joblessness. Citing a 2014 survey, The Economist reports that across Europe it takes refugees and other beneficiaries of international protection 20 years to reach employment rates similar to natives. The Swedish experience shows that many refugees simply lack the skills to succeed in advanced job markets at their arrival and integration presents challenges. (The Economist)

Canada’s Post-election Job Search Spike

Finally, Tuesday’s election result undoubtedly surprised many, and while Donald Trump’s supporters celebrated his victory, another group of US voters responded very differently. On Tuesday evening, Indeed’s own data showed a tenfold increase in the share of US-based job searches directed to Canada. The jump indicates that some Americans were so disappointed by the result that they immediately began to think about their options elsewhere. (Time)